The subject of this work is image compression with fractals. Today JPEG has become an industrial standard in image compression. Further researches are held in two areas, wavelet based compression and fractal image compression.
Description of Fractal Image Compression
The fractal scheme was introduced by Michael F Barnsley in the year 1945.His idea was that images could be compactly stored as iterated functions which led to the development of the IFS scheme which forms the basis of fractal image compression. Further work in this area was conducted by A.Jacquin, a student of Barnsley who published several papers on this subject. He was the first to publish an efficient algorithm based on local fractal system.
Fractal image compression has the following features:
" Compression has high complexity.
" Fast image decoding
" High compression ratios can be achieved.
These features enable applications such as computer encyclopedias, like the Microsoft Atlas that came with this technology. The technology is relatively new.
Images are stored as pixels or picture forming elements. Each pixel requires a certain amount of computer memory to be stored on. Suppose we had to store a family album with say a hundred photos. To store this on a computer memory would require say a few thousands of dollars.This problem can be solved by image compression.